State Seal of Arkansas (1861)

     Arkansas had no official flag prior to 1913, thus the State Seal of the period is pictured here. The Latin phrase beneath the eagles, "Regnant Populi" means "The People Rule".

Ordinance of Secession of Arkansas
(Passed in the State Capitol at Little Rock on 06 May 1861, by a vote of 69-1.)

AN ORDINANCE
to dissolve the union now existing between the State of Arkansas and the other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America."

WHEREAS, in addition to the well-founded causes of complaint set forth by this Convention, in resolutions adopted on the 11th of March, A.D. 1861, against the sectional party now in power in Washington City, headed by Abraham Lincoln, he has, in the face of resolutions passed by this Convention pledging the State of Arkansas to resist to the last extremity any attempt on the part of such power to coerce any State that had seceded from the old Union, proclaimed to the world that war should be waged against such States until they should be compelled to submit to their rule, and large forces to accomplish this have by this same power been called out, and are now being marshaled to carry out this inhuman design; and to longer submit to such rule, or remain in the old Union of the United States, would be disgraceful and ruinous to the State of Arkansas:

Therefore we, the people of the State of Arkansas, in Convention assembled, do hereby declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the "ordinance and acceptance of compact" passed and approved by the General Assembly of the State of Arkansas on the 18th day of October, A.D. 1836, whereby it was by said General Assembly ordained that by virtue of the authority vested in said General Assembly by the provisions of the ordinance adopted by the convention of delegates assembled at Little Rock for the purpose of forming a constitution and system of government for said State, the propositions set forth in "An act supplementary to an act entitled 'An act for the admission of the State of Arkansas into the Union, and to provide for the due execution of the laws of the United States within the same, and for other purposes,'" were freely accepted, ratified, and irrevocably confirmed, articles of compact and union between the State of Arkansas and the United States, and all other laws and every other law and ordinance, whereby the State of Arkansas became a member of the Federal Union, be, and the same are hereby, in all respects and for every purpose herewith consistent, repealed, abrogated, and fully set aside; and the union now subsisting between the State of Arkansas and the other States, under the name of the United States of America, is hereby forever dissolved.

And we do further hereby declare and ordain, That the State of Arkansas hereby resumes to herself all rights and powers heretofore delegated to the Government of the United States of America; that her citizens are absolved from all allegiance to said Government of the United States, and that she is in full possession and exercise of all the rights and sovereignty which appertain to a free and independent State.

We do further ordain and declare, That all rights acquired and vested under the Constitution of the United States of America, or of any act or acts of Congress, or treaty, or under any law of this State, and not incompatible with this ordinance, shall remain in full force and effect, in nowise altered or impaired, and have the same effect as if this ordinance had not been passed.

Adopted and passed in open Convention on the 6th day of May, A.D. 1861.

Arkansas Secession Convention Officers
(County of representation in parentheses.)

PRESIDENT

David Walker (WASHINGTON)

SECRETARY

Elias Cornelius Boudinot (SEBASTIAN)

Arkansas Secession Convention Delegates
(A denotes a Delegate who voted in opposition to the Ordinance of Secession.
To assist with completing full names, please e-mail the Historian.)

ARKANSAS

MADISON

James L. Totten

Henry Hunter Bolinger
Isaac Murphy↓

ASHLEY

MARION

Marcus Lafayette Hawkins

Thomas Fletcher Austin

BENTON

MISSISSIPPI

Alexander Winchester Dinsmore
Haley Jackson

Felix R. Lanier

BRADLEY

MONROE

Josiah Gould

William Montgomery Mayo

CALHOUN

MONTGOMERY

Philip Henry Echols

Alexander Michael Clingman

CARROLL

NEWTON

Burr Hamilton Hobbs
William Wirt Watkins

Isaiah Dodson

CHICOT

OUACHITA

Isaac Henry Hilliard

Anson W. Hobson

CLARK

PERRY

Harris Flanagin

Levin D. Hill

COLUMBIA

PHILLIPS

George Parker Smoote
Isaiah Christian Wallace

Charles W. Adams
Thomas Burton Hanly

CONWAY

PIKE

Samuel James Stallings

Samuel Kelley

CRAWFORD

POINSETT

Hugh French Thomason
Jesse Turner

H.W. Williams

CRITTENDEN

POLK

Thomas H. Bradley

Archibald Ray

DALLAS

POPE

Robert Thomas Fuller

William Stout

DESHA

PRAIRIE

Jilson Payne Johnson

Benjamin Clinton Totten

DREW

PULASKI

Joel A. Rhodes
William Ferguson Slemons

Augustus Hill Garland
Joseph Stillwell

FRANKLIN

RANDOLPH

William Washington Mansfield

James W. Crenshaw

FULTON

ST. FRANCIS

Samuel Wharton Cochran

George W. Laughinghouse
J.W. Shelton

GREENE

SALINE

J.W. Bush

Jabez Mitchell Smith

HEMPSTEAD

SCOTT

Alfred Holt Carrigan
Rufus King Garland, Jr.

W.T. Walker

HOT SPRING

SEARCY

Joseph Jester

John Campbell

INDEPENDENCE

SEBASTIAN

Franklin Wharton Desha
Urban Elias Fort
Michael Shelby Kennard

William Meade Fishback
Samuel Lewis Griffith

IZARD

SEVIER

Alexander Hamilton Adams

James Samples Dollarhide
Benjamin S. Hawkins

JACKSON

UNION

J.H. Patterson

Hezekiah Bussey III
William Vardeman Tatum

JEFFERSON

VAN BUREN

William Porter Grace
James Yell

James Henry Patterson

JOHNSON

WASHINGTON

Felix Ives Batson
William B. Floyd

Thomas Montague Gunter
John Perry Aaron Parks
James H. Stirman
David Walker

LAFAYETTE

WHITE

Wiley Powell Cryer

Jesse Newton Cypert

LAWRENCE

YELL

Milton Dyer Baber
Samuel Robinson

William H. Spivey

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