State Flag of Georgia (1861)

Few examples remain of this un-official flag, but this image is representative of period designs.

Ordinance of Secession of Georgia
(Passed in the State Capitol at Milledgeville on 19 January 1861, by a vote of 208-89.)

AN ORDINANCE
to dissolve the union between the State of Georgia and other States united with her under a compact of Government entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America."

We, the people of the State of Georgia, in Convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the ordinance adopted by the people of the State of Georgia in Convention on the second day of January, in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was assented to, ratified and adopted; and also all acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying and adopting amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed, rescinded and abrogated.

We do further declare and ordain, That the union now subsisting between the State of Georgia and other States, under the name of the "United States of America," is hereby dissolved, and that the State of Georgia is in the full possession and exercise of all those rights of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free and independent State.

Passed, 19 January 1861.

Georgia Secession Convention Officers
(County of representation in parentheses.)

PRESIDENT

George Walker Crawford (RICHMOND)

SECRETARY

Albert Reese Lamar (MUSCOGEE)

MESSENGER

Jesse Oslin (COBB)

DOORKEEPER

William Adkins (OGLETHORPE)

Georgia Secession Convention Delegates
(A denotes a Delegate who voted in opposition to the Ordinance of Secession.
To assist with completing full names, please e-mail the Historian.)

APPLING

JASPER

Seaborn Hall
James Hendrick Latimer

Aristarchus Newton↓
Reuben Jordan↓

BAKER

JEFFERSON

Alfred Holt Colquitt
Charles Darby Hammond

Herschel Vespasian Johnson
George Stapleton↓

BALDWIN

JOHNSON

Lucilius Henry Briscoe
Augustus Holmes Kenan

William Hurst↓
J.R. Smith↓

BANKS

JONES

William R. Bell↓
Samuel W. Pruitt

James M. Gray
Peyton Taylor Pitts

BERRIEN

LAURENS

John Carroll Lamb
Woodford J. Mabry

Nathan Tucker↓
John W. Yopp

BIBB

LEE

John Basil Lamar
Eugenius Aristides Nisbet
Washington Poe

Goode Bryan
William B. Richardson

BROOKS

LIBERTY

Henry Briggs
Charles S. Gaulden

William Bennett Fleming
Samuel McWhir Varnedoe

BRYAN

LINCOLN

John P. Hines
Clem C. Slater

LaFayette Lamar
Chapley Ross Strother

BULLOCH

LOWNDES

Samuel L. Moore
Samuel Harville

Charles H.M. Howell
Isaiah H. Tillman

BURKE

LUMPKIN

Elisha Anderson Allen
Edmund Byne Gresham
William B. Jones

Benjamin Hamilton↓
William Martin↓

BUTTS

MACON

David Jackson Bailey
Henry Hendrick

Joseph Jefferson Carson
William H. Robinson

CALHOUN

MADISON

Elijah Padgett
William Grady Sheffield

Allen C. Daniel
James S. Gholston

CAMDEN

MARION

Francis Marion Adams
Nathaniel John Patterson

William Merritt Brown
James M. Harvey

CAMPBELL

McINTOSH

James M. Cantrell
Thomas Coke Glover

James M. Harris
Gilbert William Martin Williams

CARROLL

MERIWETHER

Bright W. Hargrove
Allen Rowe
Benjamin W. Wright

Henry Richard Harris
Hiram Warner↓
William Dickerson Martin

CASS

MILLER

Hawkins F. Price↓
Turner H. Trippe↓
William Tatum Wofford↓

William James Cheshier
Charles L. Whitehead

CATOOSA

MILTON

Joseph T. McConnell
Presley Yates↓

Jackson Graham↓
J.C. Street↓

CHARLTON

MITCHELL

H.M. Mershon
Francis Marion Smith↓

William Thomas Cox
Jesse Reed

CHATHAM

MONROE

John W. Anderson, Sr.
Francis Stebbins Bartow
Augustus Seaborn Jones

Hiram Phinazee↓
Robert L. Roddy
John T. Stephens

CHATTAHOOCHEE

MONTGOMERY

William Davis
Abner Holloway Flewellen

S.H. Latimer↓
Thomas M. McRae↓

CHATTOOGA

MORGAN

Wesley Shropshire↓
Lowry Williams↓

Augustus Reese
Thomas Peter Saffold

CHEROKEE

MURRAY

Elias Earle Field
John McConnell
William Alfred Teasley, Sr.

Anderson Farnsworth↓
Euclid Waterhouse↓

CLARKE

MUSCOGEE

Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb
Asbury Hull
Jefferson Jennings

Henry Lewis Benning
James N. Ramsey
Adolphus Skrine Rutherford, Sr.

CLAY

NEWTON

Benjamin Franklin Burnett
William H.C. Davenport

Alexander Means
William S. Montgomery
Purmedus Reynolds↓

CLAYTON

OGLETHORPE

James F. Johnson
Radford E. Morrow↓

Samuel Glenn
Daniel D. Johnson
Willis Willingham↓

CLINCH

PAULDING

Thomas G. Ramsey
Benjamin Sirmons

John Young Allgood
Henry Lester

COBB

PICKENS

Elisha Hamilton Lindley
George D. Rice
Albert Allen Winn

William Thomas Day↓
James Simmons↓

COFFEE

PIERCE

Joshua H. Frier↓
Rowan Pafford↓

Enoch Daniel Hendry
John W. Stephens

COLQUITT

PIKE

John G. Coleman
Henry Crawford Tucker, Jr.

Robert Beall Gardner
George M. McDowell

COLUMBIA

POLK

Henry R. Casey
William A.L. Collins
Richard S. Neal

Thomas W. Deupree↓
W.E. West↓

COWETA

PULASKI

Andrew B. Calhoun
Joseph J. Pinson
William Baugh Shell

Cornelius Murphy Bozeman, Sr.
Thomas J. McGriff

CRAWFORD

PUTNAM

Washington Cromwell Cleveland
Isaac Dennis

David Rosser Adams
Richard Tarply Davis↓

DADE

QUITMAN

Shadrach C. Hale↓
R.M. Paris↓

Lewis P. Dozier
Edgar C. Ellington

DAWSON

RABUN

Alfred Webb↓
Reuben Harrison Pierce, Sr.↓

Samuel Beck↓
Horace W. Cannon↓

DECATUR

RANDOLPH

Bolivar Hopkins Gee
Charles James Munnerlyn
Richard Sims

Marcellus Douglass
Arthur Hood

DeKALB

RICHMOND

George R. Smith↓

George Walker Crawford
Ignatius Poultney Garvin
John Phinizy, Sr.

DOOLY

SCHLEY

Elijah Butts
John Sherrod Thomas

William Allen Black
Hiram L. French

DOUGHERTY

SCREVEN

Richard H. Clark
Charles E. Mallory

Curtis Humphreys
Joseph Lawton Singleton

EARLY

SPALDING

James Buchanan
Robert Winn Sheffield

William Getal Dewberry
Henry Moor

ECHOLS

STEWART

Jesse P. Prescott
Harris Tomlinson

George Young Banks, Sr.
James Arthur Fort, Sr.
James Hilliard

EFFINGHAM

SUMTER

Albert G. Porter
Edward W. Solomons

Henry Davenport, Jr.
Timothy M. Furlow
Willis Alston Hawkins

ELBERT

TALBOT

John C. Burch
Luther H.O. Martin

William R. Neal↓
Levi B. Smith

EMANUEL

TALIAFERRO

Abraham Lane Kirkland↓
John Overstreet↓

Toby H. Perkins↓
Alexander Hamilton Stephens

FANNIN

TATTNALL

Elijah Webb Chastain
William Clayton Fain↓

Benjamin Brewton↓
Henry Solomon Strickland↓

FAYETTE

TAYLOR

J.L. Blalock
Mial Meek Tidwell

Henry H. Long
William J.F. Mitchell↓

FLOYD

TELFAIR

Simpson Fouche
Francis Caloway Shropshire
James Ward

Hugh McLean↓
James Williamson↓

FORSYTH

TERRELL

Hiram Parks Bell
Hardy Strickland

Demetrius A. Cochran↓
William Harrington↓

FRANKLIN

THOMAS

Samuel Knox↓
John H. Patrick↓

Augustine Harris Hansell
William G. Ponder
Samuel B. Spencer

FULTON

TOWNS

James F. Alexander
Luther Judson Glenn
Joseph Payne Logan

John Heatherly Corn, Sr.↓
Elijah Kimsey↓

GILMER

TROUP

William Peeples Milton↓
Joseph Pickett↓

James Madison Beall
William Parks Beasley
Benjamin Harvey Hill

GLASSOCK

TWIGGS

Calvin Logue
Joshua Franklin Usry

John Fitzpatrick
Stephen L. Richardson

GLYNN

UNION

John L. Harris
Daniel Heyward Brailsford Troup

James Howard Huggins↓
Johnson Powell Wellborn↓

GORDON

UPSON

William H. Dabney
James Freeman↓
Robert M. Young

Peter W. Alexander↓
Thomas S. Sherman↓

GREENE

WALKER

N.M. Crawford
Thomas Noel Poullain
R.J. Willis

Robert Burton Dickerson↓
G.G. Gordon↓
Thomas A. Sharpe↓

GWINNETT

WALTON

Thomas Parks Hudson↓
James Pinckney Simmons↓
Richard Dickinson Winn↓

Willis Kilgore↓
Henry D. McDaniel
George Spence

HABERSHAM

WARE

R.C. Ketchum
Singleton Sisk

William Angus McDonald
Carey Wentworth Styles

HALL

WARREN

Philip May Byrd↓
Ephraim Malone Johnson↓
Davis Whelchel↓

Madison Derrell Cody
Nathaniel Archibald Wicker

HANCOCK

WASHINGTON

Benjamin Tarpley Harris
Linton Stephens↓
Thomas Mickleberry Turner

Lewis Bullard
Alvin O. Haines
Edward Sevey Langmade

HARALSON

WAYNE

William Jefferson Head
Abner Rivers Walton

Henry A. Cannon
Henry Richard Fort

HARRIS

WEBSTER

Daniel P. Hill
William J. Hudson
Hiram D. Williams

Peter F. Brown
Mason Hinds Bush

HART

WHITE

Richard S. Hill
James E. Skelton

Isaac Bowen
Elijah Fletcher Starr↓

HEARD

WHITFIELD

Charles W. Mabry↓
Rufus Peoples Wood↓

John M. Jackson↓
Dickerson Taliaferro↓
Francis A. Thomas

HENRY

WILCOX

Elijah B. Arnold↓
John H. Low
Francis E. Manson↓

Smith Turner
Daniel Asbury McLeod

HOUSTON

WILKES

Bryan W. Brown
John Mason Giles
Daniel Franklin Gunn

John J. Robertson
Robert Augustus Toombs

IRWIN

WILKINSON

Manassah Henderson
Jacob Young↓

Nathaniel Alexander Carswell↓
Rufus J. Cochran↓

JACKSON

WORTH

Dilmus Reid Lyle
John J. McCulloch
John Green Pittman

Robert Graham Ford
Terrell T. Mounger

Note: One of the Delegates to the Convention, Charles Murphy of DeKalb,
died before leaving home for Milledgeville, 16 January 1861.

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