State Flag of Mississippi (1861)

     This flag was designed during the State Secession Convention. The blue field and white star in the canton corner are based on the "Bonnie Blue Flag", and the magnolia tree is the State Tree of Mississippi. It remained the official state flag until February 1894.

Ordinance of Secession of Mississippi
(Passed in the State Capitol at Jackson on 09 January 1861, by a vote of 83-15.)

AN ORDINANCE
to dissolve the union between the State of Mississippi and other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America."

The people of the State of Mississippi, in Convention assembled, do ordain and declare, and it is hereby ordained and declared, as follows, to-wit:

Section 1. That all the laws and ordinances by which the said State of Mississippi became a member of the Federal Union of the United States of America be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and that all obligations on the part of said State or the people thereof to observe the same be withdrawn; and that the said State doth hereby resume all the rights, functions, and powers which by any of said laws or ordinances were conveyed to the Government of the said United States, and is absolved from all the obligations, restraints, and duties incurred to the said Federal Union, and shall from henceforth be a free, sovereign, and independent State.

Section 2. That so much of the first section of the seventh article of the Constitution of this State as requires members of the Legislature and all officers, executive and judicial, to take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States be, and the same is hereby, abrogated and annulled.

Section 3. That all rights acquired and vested under the Constitution of the United States, or under any act of Congress passed, or treaty made, in pursuance thereof, or under any law of this State, and not incompatible with this ordinance, shall remain in force and have the same effect as if this ordinance had not been passed.

Section 4. That the people of the State of Mississippi hereby consent to form a federal union with such of the States as may have seceded or may secede from the Union of the United States of America, upon the basis of the present Constitution of the said United States, except such parts thereof as embrace other portions than such seceding States.

Thus ordained and declared in Convention the 9th day of January, in the year of our Lord 1861.

Mississippi Secession Convention Officers
(County of representation is in Parentheses.
To assist in completing full names contact the Historian.)

PRESIDENT

William Taylor Sullivan Barry (LOWNDES)

SECRETARY

F.A. Pope (HOLMES)

DOORKEEPER

Samuel Pool (HINDS)

SERGEANT-AT-ARMS

W. Ivie Westbrook (OKTIBBEHA)

Mississippi Secession Convention Delegates
(A denotes a Delegate who voted in opposition to the Ordinance of Secession.
To assist in completing full names contact the Historian.)

ADAMS

LEAKE

Alexander King Farrar↓
Josiah Winchester, Sr.↓

Wallace Bruce Colbert

AMITE

LOWNDES

David Wiley Hurst↓

George R. Clayton

ATTALA

MADISON

E.H. Sanders↓

Albert P. Hill, Sr.

BOLIVAR

MARION

Miles Hill McGehee

Hamilton Mayson

CALHOUN

MARSHALL

Marcus D.L. Stephens
W.A. Sumner

Samuel Benton
Jeremiah Watkins Clapp
Alexander Mosby Clayton
Willis Monroe Lea, Sr.
Harvey Washington Walter

CARROLL

MONROE

William Booth
James Zachariah George

Samuel Jameson Gholson
Francis Marion Rogers

CHICKASAW

NESHOBA

Cyrus Briscoe Baldwin
Jehu Amaziah Orr

David Murray Backstrom

CHOCTAW

NEWTON

William Felix Brantley
James H. Edwards
William H. Witty

M.M. Keith

CLAIBORNE

NOXUBEE

Henry Thomas Ellett

Israel Victor Welch

CLARKE

OKTIBBEHA

Samuel Heidelberg Terral

Thomas C. Bookter

COAHOMA

PANOLA

James Lusk Alcorn

John B. Fizer
Edward F. McGehee

COPIAH

PERRY

Phillip S. Catching
Benjamin King

Porter Jacob Myers↓

COVINGTON

PIKE

A.C. Powell

James M. Nelson

DeSOTO

PONTOTOC

James Ronald Chalmers
Stephen D. Johnston
Thomas Lewers

Robert Watkins Flournoy, Sr.
Charles de la Boulay Fontaine
John B. Herring
Hugh Reid Miller

FRANKLIN

RANKIN

Daniel Henderson Parker↓

William Denson
John Jones Thornton↓

GREENE

SCOTT

Thomas Jefferson Roberts

Caleb White Taylor

HANCOCK

SIMPSON

John B. Deason

William J. Douglas

HARRISON

SMITH

David Chalmers Glenn

Waddy Thompson

HINDS

SUNFLOWER

Warren P. Anderson
Wiley Pope Harris
William B. Smart

Edward P. Jones

HOLMES

TALLAHATCHIE

James Monroe Dyer, Sr.
Walter Leake Keirn

Alexander Pattison

ISSAQUENA

TIPPAH

Albert C. Gibson

Joel H. Berry
James Shelton Davis
Orlando Davis
Daniel B. Wright

ITAWAMBA

TISHOMINGO

Russell Owen Beene
Arthur Benjamin Bullard↓
Malachai Crawford Cummings↓
William Henry Haywood Tison

John A. Blair↓
Wright Walker Bonds, Jr.↓
Arthur Exum Reynolds↓
Thomas P. Young↓

JACKSON

TUNICA

Alfred Edward Lewis

Andrew Miller

JASPER

WARREN

Oliver C. Dease

Walker Brooke
Thomas Alexander Marshall↓

JEFFERSON

WASHINGTON

James Steptoe Johnston, Sr.

Jacob Schall Yerger↓

JONES

WAYNE

John Hathorn Powell, Jr.

William Joseph Eckford

KEMPER

WILKINSON

O.Y. Neely
Thomas H. Woods

Alfred C. Holt

LAFAYETTE

WINSTON

Thomas Dudley Isom
Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II

William S. Bolling
John Kennedy

LAUDERDALE

YALOBUSHA

James Bartlett Ramsey
F.C. Semmes

Francis Marion Aldridge
William Barksdale

LAWRENCE

YAZOO

William Gwinn

Henry Vaughan
George B. Wilkinson

Note: One of the Delegates to the Convention,
John H. Wood of Attala, was absent for the vote.

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