George Davis was born to Thomas Frederick Davis (05 September 1778-30 December 1846) and Sarah Isabella Eagles (27 March 1784-25 March 1829) at his father's plantation Porter's Neck, outside Wilmington, New Hanover (now part of Pender) County, North Carolina on 01 March 1820. He attended W.H. Harden's School in Pittsboro, Chatham County, North Carolina, and was then tutored at home. At 14, he entered University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina and was the class valedictorian in 1838. After graduation, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. He spent the following years building his practice in Wilmington, and was a renowned speaker and lecturer. In 1848, Davis became General Counsel of the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, a position he maintained until his death. Prior to the secession of his home state, he was a delegate to the failed Washington Peace Conference (04-27 February 1861).

     During the war, he was a delegate from North Carolina to the Provisional Confederate Congress in 1861-1862. He was then re-elected to serve in the Senate from 1862 to 1864. He was Chairman of the Senate Claims Committee and served on the Finance, Naval Affairs, and Buildings (Joint) committees as well. A strong Confederate nationalist, Davis was conservative in fiscal matters and generally supported increased powers for the national government. President Jefferson Davis (03 June 1808-06 December 1889) (no relation) appointed him Attorney General on 31 December 1863, and he assumed office on 02 January 1864. He remained in this post until released from duty during the Confederacy's last days on 24 April 1865.

     Like Judah Philip Benjamin (06 August 1811-06 May 1884), he tried to flee to England by way of Florida and the Bahamas. After months of running and hiding, he was captured at Key West, Monroe County, Florida on 18 October 1865, and imprisoned at Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York. Following his release, he returned to Wilmington, New Hanover County, North Carolina, married Monimia Fairfax (27 December 1837-1889) on 09 May 1866, and worked in his law practice and for the railroad until he died on 23 February 1896. Davis is buried in Oakdale Cemetery in Wilmington.

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